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Citation Quick Guide

Read the Chicago Manual of Style Citation Guide

The Chicago Manual of Style presents two basic documentation systems:

Author-date

Notes and bibliography

Choosing between the two often depends on subject matter and the nature of sources cited.

In the author-date system, sources are briefly cited in the text or notes by author’s last name and year of publication. A list of references provides full bibliographic information. For some common examples of materials cited in this system, see the linked Citation Guide.

The notes and bibliography system presents bibliographic information in notes and, often, a bibliography. For some common examples of materials cited in this system, see the linked Citation Guide.

For additional information, see The Chicago Manual of Style, 16th ed., chapters 14 and 15.

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