Collection : Ancient Commentators on Aristotle
Series edited by Richard Sorabji
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On Providence
Proclus
The universe is, as it were, one machine, wherein the celestial spheres are analogous to the interlocking wheels and the particular beings are like the things moved by the wheels and all events are determined by an inescapable necessity. To speak of...



On Plato's "Cratylus"
Proclus
Proclus' commentary on Plato's Cratylus is the only ancient commentary on this work to have come down to us, and is illuminating in two special ways. First, it is actually the work of two Neoplatonists. The majority of the material is supplied by the...



On Aristotle's "Metaphysics 13–14"
Syrianus
Syrianus, originally from Alexandria, moved to Athens and became the head of the Academy there after the death of Plutarch of Athens. Syrianus attacked Aristotle in his commentary on Books 13 and 14 of the "Metaphysics", just as his pupil Proclus was...



On Aristotle's "Nicomachean Ethics 1–4, 7–8"
Aspasius
Aspasius' commentary on the "Nicomachean Ethics", of which six books have come down to us, is the oldest surviving Greek commentary on any of Aristotle's works, dating to the middle of the second century AD. It offers precious insight into the...



On Aristotle's "On the Soul 1.3–5"
Philoponus
This text by Philoponus rejects accounts of soul, or as we would say of mind, which define it as moving, as cognitive, or in physical terms. Chapter 3 considers Aristotle's attack on the idea that the soul is in motion. This was an attack partly on...



Against Proclus' "On the Eternity of the World 12–18"
Philoponus
In chapters 12-18 of "Against Proclus", Philoponus continues to do battle against Proclus' arguments for the beginninglessness and everlastingness of the ordered universe. In this final section there are three notable issues under discussion. The...



On Aristotle's "On the Soul 1.1–2"
Philoponus
This text by Philoponus, the sixth-century commentator on Aristotle, is notable for its very informative Introduction to Psychology, which tells us the views of Philoponus, of his teacher and of later Neoplatonists on our psychological capacities and...



On Aristotle's "On Coming-to-Be and Perishing 2.2–5"
Alexander of Aphrodisias
This important commentary by Alexander of Aphrodisias on Aristotle's work on biochemistry was previously lost. However, four chapters of it have been reidentified in an Arabic translation by Emma Gannage and are here translated for the first time. The...



On Aristotle's "Prior Analytics 1.32–46"
Alexander of Aphrodisias
The last 14 chapters of book 1 of Aristotle's "Prior Analytics" are concerned with the representation in the formal language of syllogistic of propositions and arguments expressed in more or less everyday Greek. In his commentary on those chapters...



On Aristotle's "On the Heavens 1.10–12"
Simplicius
In the three chapters of "On the Heavens" dealt with in this volume, Aristotle argues that the universe is ungenerated and indestructible. In Simplicius' commentary, translated here, we see a battle royal between the Neoplatonist Simplicius and the...



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