History > History / Europe

   
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Intimate Violence
Anti-Jewish Pogroms on the Eve of the Holocaust
Jeffrey S. Kopstein, Jason Wittenberg
Why do pogroms occur in some localities and not in others? Jeffrey S. Kopstein and Jason Wittenberg examine a particularly brutal wave of violence that occurred across hundreds of predominantly Polish and Ukrainian communities in the aftermath of the Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union. The authors note that while some communities erupted in...



Sexual Politics and Feminist Science
Women Sexologists in Germany, 1900–1933
Kirsten Leng
In Sexual Politics and Feminist Science, Kirsten Leng restores the work of female sexologists to the forefront of the history of sexology. While male researchers who led the practice of early-twentieth-century sexology viewed women and their sexuality as objects to be studied, not as collaborators in scientific investigation, Leng pinpoints...



Rigorism of Truth
"Moses the Egyptian" and Other Writings on Freud and Arendt
Hans Blumenberg
In "Moses the Egyptian"—the centerpiece of Rigorism of Truth, the German philosopher Hans Blumenberg addresses two defining figures in the intellectual history of the twentieth century: Sigmund Freud and Hannah Arendt. Unpublished during his lifetime, this essay analyzes Freud’s Moses and Monotheism (1939) and Arendt’s Eichmann in Jerusalem...



Universalism and Liberation
Italian Catholic Culture and the Idea of International Community, 1963–1978
Jacopo Cellini
After decades of a problematic, if not plainly hostile, approach to modernity by Catholic culture, the 1960s marked the beginning of a new era. As the Church employed a more positive approach to the world, voices in the Catholic milieu embraced a radical perspective, channeling the need for social justice for the poor and the oppressed. The...



Monastic Reform as Process
Realities and Representations in Medieval Flanders, 900–1100
Steven Vanderputten
Steven Vanderputten revisits the history of monastic reform to challenge the widely accepted narrative that foregrounds the role of charismatic leaders by examining the evidence from seven monasteries in...



The Military Enlightenment
War and Culture in the French Empire from Louis XIV to Napoleon
Christy Pichichero, Christy L. Pichichero
The Military Enlightenment brings to light a radically new narrative both on the Enlightenment and the French armed forces from Louis XIV to Napoleon. Christy Pichichero makes a striking discovery: the Geneva Conventions, post-traumatic stress disorder, the military "band of brothers," and soldierly heroism all found their antecedents in the...



To Follow in Their Footsteps
The Crusades and Family Memory in the High Middle Ages
Nicholas L. Paul
Paul reveals the lasting impact of the crusades, beyond the expeditions themselves, on the formation of dynastic identity and the culture of the medieval European...



A Class of Their Own
The Düsseldorf School of Photography
Maren Polte
The 'Düsseldorf School' has become a household name in the art world for one of the most successful and influential strains of modern photography. Coined in the late 1980s, the name refers mainly to the pioneer group of students of the late Bernd Becher, who in 1976 became the first professor for creative photography at a German arts academy...



Afterlives
The Return of the Dead in the Middle Ages
Nancy Mandeville Caciola
In Afterlives, Nancy Mandeville Caciola explores this extraordinary phenomenon of the living's relationship with the dead in Europe during the five hundred years after the year...



Sacrifice
My Life in a Fascist Militia
Alessandro Orsini
Alessandro Orsini is one of Italy's premier analysts of political extremism. His investigation of the beliefs and mind-sets of Europe's political fringe has largely focused on anarchist and far-left groups, but in Sacrifice he turns his inquiry to the rapidly expanding neofascist movement. He joined local groups of a neofascist organization he...



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