Philosophy > Philosophy / Metaphysics

   
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Berkeley's Thought
George Sotiros Pappas
In this highly original account of Bishop George Berkeley's epistemological and metaphysical theories, George S. Pappas seeks to determine precisely what doctrines the philosopher held and what arguments he put forward to support them. Specifically...



Beyond "Justification"
Dimensions of Epistemic Evaluation
William P. Alston
Much of the writing in Anglo-American epistemology in the twentieth century focused on the conditions for beliefs being "justified." In a book that seeks to shift the ground of debate within theory of knowledge, William P. Alston finds that the...



The Emergency of Being
On Heidegger's "Contributions to Philosophy"
Richard Polt
"The heart of history, for Heidegger, is not a sequence of occurrences but the eruption of significance at critical junctures that bring us into our own by making all being, including our being, into an urgent issue. In emergency, being emerges."—from...



Epistemic Justification
Essays in the Theory of Knowledge
William P. Alston
Epistemic Justification collects twelve distinguished and influential essays in epistemology by William P. Alston taken from a body of work spanning almost two decades. They represent the gradual development of Alston's thought in epistemology. He...



Explanation and Understanding
Georg Henrik von Wright
"Explanation and Understanding, perhaps von Wright's best-known book, showed the influence of Wittgenstein, but marked a clean break with the positivism of his youth. He suggested that human action could not be explained causally by scientific or...



Freedom in the Workplace?
Gertrude Ezorsky
Are workers in the United States free? Gertrude Ezorsky traces the severe limits placed on their freedom by illegal coercion against organizing unions and by low wage offers—barely enough to feed their families—that workers are pressured to accept...



Literary Theory and the Claims of History
Postmodernism, Objectivity, Multicultural Politics
Satya Mohanty
At the core of postmodern thought, especially in literary theory, is the belief that such ideals as truth, reason, and objectivity are social constructs that have no universal or trans-historical validity. In exploring this constructivist view, Satya...



Material Beings
Peter van Inwagen
According to Peter van Inwagen, visible inanimate objects do not, strictly speaking, exist. In defending this controversial thesis, he offers fresh insights on such topics as personal identity, commonsense belief, existence over time, the phenomenon...



Naturalism Defeated?
Essays on Plantinga's Evolutionary Argument against Naturalism
Almost a decade ago, Alvin Plantinga articulated his bold and controversial evolutionary argument against naturalism. This intriguing line of argument raises issues of importance to epistemologists and to philosophers of mind, of religion, and of...



Omne Agens Agit Sibi Simile
A "Repetition" of Scholastic Metaphysics
Ph. Rosemann
The principle, "omne agens agit sibi simile," (every agent causes something similar to itself), is fundamental to Scholastic metaphysics, and especially natural theology.



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