Francisci de Marchia—Quaestiones in secundum librum sententiarum (Reportatio)

Francisci de Marchia—Quaestiones in secundum librum sententiarum (Reportatio)

Quaestiones 28–49

In English and Latin

In the questions contained in this volume, Francis of Marchia explores subjects that earned him his fame in the Middle Ages and in the history of ideas: physics and philosophical psychology. He confronts the key issues in celestial physics, concluding with his well-known proofs for terrestrial and celestial beings having the same type of matter. Marchia's discussion of how elemental qualities persist in mixtures leads to a spirited and unique defense of a mind-body dualism: not even the sensory faculties are coextensive with the body. Moreover, each living being has two forms: the soul and the form of the body (q. 38). Marchia rejects the Averroistic doctrine of the unicity of the intellect, as well as acts of understanding being entirely the result of external stimuli. Those positions in turn inform his investigation of the mechanics of thinking and willing, and his establishment of the will’s priority over the intellect. Finally, Marchia balances human free will with God’s absolute power and cooperation in all matters.

Throughout these questions, Marchia shows his originality and sharp intellect. Although at times his solutions look similar to those of John Duns Scotus, they are in fact very different, reflecting Marchia’s awareness of the problems and limitations involved in not only Scotus’ views, but also those of Aristotle and Averroes, Thomas Aquinas, and Henry of Ghent, among many others.

Girard J. Etzkorn

Girard J. Etzkorn is Emeritus Professor at St. Bonaventure University.
 


Contributions:

Henrici de Gandavo Summa (Quaestiones ordinariae) art. LIII–LV
Henry of Ghent's Summa, art. 53–55 was composed in 1281 and contain Henry’s philosophical analyses of the theoretical concepts person, relation, and universals.






Syncategoremata
Henrico de Ganavo adscripta
Ancient and Medieval Philosophy—Series 2, No. 37 The Stadsbibliotheek of Brugge houses a manuscript (ms. 510, f. 227ra-237vb) that holds a short logical text on the Syncategoremata. In this manuscript the text is ascribed to Henry of Ghent, who was a...



Francisci de Marchia
Quaestiones in secundum librum sententiarum (Reportatio), Quaestiones 13–27
The texts edited in this volume deal with angelology and anthropology, and particularly with the nature and the functions of immaterial substances like angels and the human rational soul.



Francisci de Marchia
Quaestiones in secundum librum sententiarum (Reportatio IIA)
The texts edited in this volume all deal with creation, and investigate such central philosophical and theological issues as action, production, and causality, being and nothingness, the nature of time, God's relation to the world, and the distinction...



Quaestiones Variae Herico de Gandavo adscriptae
In the process of completing his critical edition of Marcus of Orvieto's Liber de Moralitatibus, Girard J. Etzkorn happened upon a set of questions attributed to Henry of Ghent at the end of Rome's Bibliotheca Angelica codex 750. These questions are...



Henrici de Gandavo Quodlibet XV
Ancient and Medieval Philosophy, Series 2, No. 20 The sixteen questions in Henry of Ghent's Quodlibet XV treat a range of issues—the immaculate conception, the omnipotence of God, the nature of an "instance," the absolute and ordained powers of the...