Converging Divergences

Converging Divergences

Worldwide Changes in Employment Systems
Harry C. Katz, Owen Darbishire
Exploring recent changes in employment practices in seven industrialized countries (Australia, Britain, Germany, Italy, Japan, Sweden, and the United States) and in two essential industries (automobile and telecommunications), Harry C. Katz and Owen Darbishire find that traditional national systems of employment are being challenged by four cross-national patterns. The patterns, which are becoming ever more prevalent, can be categorized as low-wage, human resource management, Japanese-oriented, and joint team-based strategies. The authors go on to show that these changing employment patterns are closely related to the decline of unions and growing income inequality. Drawing upon plant-level evidence on emerging employment practices, they provide a comprehensive analysis of changes in employment systems and labor-management relations. They conclude that while the variation in employment patterns is increasing within countries, evidence suggests that there is much commonality across countries in the nature of that variation and also similarity in the processes through which variation is appearing. Hence the term "converging divergences."

Harry C. Katz

Cornell University
Harry C. Katz is Jack Sheinkman Professor and Director of the Scheinman Institute on Conflict Resolution at the ILR School, Cornell University. He is coauthor of The Transformation of American Industrial Relations and Converging Divergences and coeditor of Rekindling the Movement, all from Cornell, among many other books.

Prize Winner of the 2002 Jacques Barzun Prize in Cultural History (American Philosophical Society)

An Introduction to U.S. Collective Bargaining and Labor Relations
Harry C. Katz, Thomas A. Kochan, Alexander J. S. Colvin, Alexander J.S. Colvin
This comprehensive textbook provides an introduction to collective bargaining and labor relations with a focus on developments in the United States. It is appropriate for students, policy analysts, and labor relations professionals including...

Labor Relations in a Globalizing World
Harry C. Katz, Thomas A. Kochan, Alexander J. S. Colvin
This is the first textbook to focus on the workplace outcomes of the production of goods and services in emerging countries.

The Transformation of American Industrial Relations
Thomas A. Kochan, Harry C. Katz, Robert B. McKersie


The New Structure of Labor Relations
Tripartism and Decentralization
Contributors from eight industrialized countries examine the changing nature of labor-management relations, with a particular focus on the role of tripartism and the decentralization of collective bargaining.

Rekindling the Movement
Labor's Quest for Relevance in the 21st Century
Experts from a wide variety of disciplines—industrial relations, political science, economics, and sociology—identify the central developments, analyze the strengths and weaknesses of the new pro-labor initiatives.